Once we talk about current tennis historical past, followers normally imply the aggressive historical past of gamers. The grand slams, the motion of rankings and the massive three’s victories. However one thing I wish to study right here is the fashionable historical past of the game itself.

On the 20 th anniversary of Federer’s first grand slam victory at Wimbledon, taking part in in 2003 was very totally different from how the skilled tour can be performed in 2023.

What, in 20 years, has modified in regards to the skilled sport? What has been launched into the game? And the way has this impacted gamers’ aggressive lives? Listed below are three developments that I discover most fascinating.


In 1990, IBM turned the official associate of the ATP Tour. One yr later, the corporate was utilized by Wimbledon to assemble match knowledge and change into a sponsor for the opposite three grand slams.

The proliferation of statistical info within the 21st Century has advanced from presenting uncooked numbers to knowledge interpretation. Take, for instance, IMB Watson on the 2022 US Open.

The programme urged which participant was prone to win a match and who had probably the most momentum in a event. As a substitute of predictions being generated from inside a “black field”, Watson demonstrated its reasoning, making it clear why IBM had reached a particular conclusion.

The explosion of many sub-categories of knowledge, like ball speeds and winners from a particular shot, has influenced gamers’ ways and techniques.

IBM Watson on the 2022 US Open

Taking a look at a event draw, rival camps for every participant all the time devised the easiest way to beat their subsequent opponent. However the numbers had been now exhausting proof of which technique would doubtless be the best.

Enter “percentage-based” tennis, the place gamers checked out previous matches in opposition to an opponent, both with themselves or one other participant and noticed which tactic was particularly damaging or exhausting to counter.

Even generalised methods turned numerically confirmed (although this was identified earlier than the statistics revolution). As an illustration, a forehand cross-court was a way more dependable shot than a backhand down the road. It is because the diagonal line presents better court docket distance and intercepts the bottom level of the online.

This help of knowledge to minimise errors and uncover different gamers’ weaknesses reached its excessive level with Craig O’Shannessy.

The Australian skilled coach has made a profession by recommending methods based mostly on statistical interpretations. After being a full-time advisor on Novak Djokovic’s staff from 2017 to 2019, paying shut consideration to numbers has highly effective outcomes.

Throughout that point, Djokovic gained 4 grand slams and returned to the number-one rating. Fairly often, high gamers will now seek the advice of a statistics specialist.


federer racket lag

One thing I very not often see being mentioned is the introduction of racquet lag in forehand photographs. For those who take a look at a match in 2003, you’ll discover that take-backs on the forehand facet are looping.

The racquet head is taken a round route and ends with the tip dealing with behind the participant, dropping a little bit, then introduced again round, with a good quantity of radial deviation and a few extension (see diagram beneath) to generate topspin, together with a remaining acceleration of velocity.

racket lag

Now, gamers take the racquet tip solely part-way round, with the tip dealing with in direction of the deuce nook (or advert for those who’re left-handed) and the racquet face pointing in direction of the bottom. As a substitute of a major looping movement, gamers aggressively snap their wrists ahead utilizing extra extension, leaving the racquet to “lag” behind their forearm.

Federer’s racquet-lag evaluation

Because the stroke continues, the racquet accelerates ahead on the final second like a whip.

The crucial level is that on account of momentum, radial deviation and pronation happen naturally with out gamers forcing it. The extra radial deviation and pronation happen, the additional the racquet face closes, producing extra topspin.

Gamers should resist the pure closing of the racquet face if they need much less topspin and meet the ball head-on for a flat shot. The evolution of the forehand, from a looping movement to racquet lag, was spurred on by grip modifications revolving progressively in direction of a extra western maintain, thereby enabling additional wrist snap.

Racquet lag has some distinct benefits over its predecessor. First, the take-back is shorter, so gamers can hit half-volleys extra reliably. Second, ball speeds (earlier than bouncing) have elevated, and in flip, assist opponents sustain with sooner and sooner rally paces.

This method has enabled gamers like Nick Kyrgios and Gael Monfils to hit a few of the quickest ATP forehands on file.

Nick Kyrgios forehands, 2018 Rogers Cup

Gael Monfils forehand, 2022 Indian Wells

Off-court Teaching

mouratoglou coaching

Within the second half of the 2022 season, the ATP introduced an off-court teaching trial, operating from 11 July till the top of the Nitto ATP Finals in November.

Off-court teaching consists of coaches in designated seats with the ability to information their gamers verbally in the event that they’re each on the identical facet of the court docket or utilizing hand alerts if not.

This has eliminated the person problem-solving component, which, to me, is without doubt one of the issues that makes tennis so engaging. If you’re down in a match or struggling in opposition to an opponent, figuring out what to alter, implementing it and reversing the match in your favour to victory brings a variety of satisfaction.

It additionally helps construct a self-sufficient tactical, psychological, bodily and technical consciousness, permitting gamers to replicate with private perception about tips on how to enhance for the following match.

For positive, on-court teaching might enhance the scoreline and even change the result of a match, however at that time, tennis turns into nearly like a staff sport – gamers are pseudo chess items in a coach vs coach battle moderately than autonomous, particular person problem-solving and conscious sportspeople.

Additional, dialog within the warmth of an intense sport can confuse and overload the thoughts with considering, taking instinct and intuition away. With the trial now over, it is going to be fascinating to see whether or not the ATP restart the trouble this yr and the way far the grand slams will undertake the apply.

What different current vital modifications to the game have you? Have all these developments been helpful to tennis? Depart your feedback beneath.

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